WordPress 6.0 To Ship New Block Locking Feature – WP Tavern

WordPress 6.0 has a number of new options that ought to make any extender blissful about constructing on prime of the platform. Nevertheless, one of many extra superior instruments is the power to lock blocks, which can be utilized to stop particular blocks from being moved or eliminated.

The upcoming launch features a new “Lock” setting within the block toolbar’s choices dropdown, as proven within the following screenshot:

WordPress site editor with a header section shown in the content canvas.  A dropdown is shown with the "Lock" option highlighted.
Choosing the Lock possibility from the block toolbar.

As soon as clicking the lock possibility, a modal seems that enables the consumer to disable motion of the block or stop its removing:

WordPress site editor with a header section shown in the content canvas.  A modal overlays the screen with options for disabling movement or preventing removal of a block.
Block locking choices.

To date, the perfect use case I’ve discovered for locking blocks by way of the UI is to cease unintentional edits. As a result of customers have entry to the UI settings by default, they will disable the lock later if I would like to maneuver one thing across the structure or delete it.

On the floor, this will likely not look like a very sturdy characteristic. Nevertheless, the true energy of block locking is on the event finish. Theme authors can use the brand new lock key to stop end-users from transferring or eradicating particular blocks of their templates.

The next code is an instance of a Group block that forestalls each:

<!-- wp:group {"lock":{"transfer":true,"take away":true}} -->

<!-- /wp:group -->

This may be particularly helpful for extra complicated layouts, comparable to a header and navigation space. Theme authors can now exert extra management over the consumer expertise in locations the place the design would possibly simply be damaged.

Be aware that locking doesn’t trickle right down to nested blocks. Subsequently, if an outer Group block is locked, customers can nonetheless add, take away, or transfer something inside it. Themers should additionally add a lock to any nested objects they wish to maintain in place. There’s an open ticket and a few early design work round locking nested blocks, but it surely won’t land in WordPress 6.0.

Whereas this new characteristic affords extra management for theme authors, it doesn’t grant absolute energy. Customers can nonetheless unlock blocks by clicking the lock icon within the toolbar. Nevertheless, as is the widespread saying in WordPress growth circles, “There’s a hook for that.”

George Mamadashvili covered using the block_editor_settings_all filter hook to customise entry. He supplied just a few examples of enabling or disabling the UI primarily based on capabilities, consumer e-mail, and context, such because the submit kind. There is no such thing as a restrict on how builders can use this hook. Generally, functionality checks are sometimes the most suitable choice when coping with permissions.

A developer may disable any consumer’s potential to maneuver or take away blocks. In real-world circumstances, this could assist businesses and freelancers create tightly-controlled experiences for his or her shoppers, particularly when handing over entry to the location editor.

For builders who’re constructing themes for launch on WordPress.org, the Themes Crew at the moment disallows utilizing this hook. It falls underneath the “plugin territory” guideline. Final month, the team announced that themes may lock blocks however not disable the consumer’s potential to unlock them.

Block locking shouldn’t be restricted to block-based templates. It’s also attainable to lock issues down inside posts or pages. With a customized permissions setup, builders may lengthen it to present directors and editors free rein whereas stopping authors and contributors from overriding locks, for instance.

By default, all blocks assist locking. For plugin builders who wish to opt-out of this characteristic, they will set the helps.lock key to false of their block.json file.

I’m desirous to see new WordPress plugins constructed on this method. There’s loads of room to discover from website customization and enhancing stream angles.

For additional studying, take a look at Anne McCarthy’s submit on creating curated experiences with locking APIs and theme.json.

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